Well, this is all very theoretical and subjective. Tje equivalence would depend on creating true sentience, consciousness, as you say, thats' the trick. How to even program such a thing is fraught with complications. All the other basic processes are mostly pretty easy to create, machines that self replicate, umm, they would need some kind of power source which would be roughly analagous to feeding, conduits carrying energy to different parts, not wholly dissimilar to our circulatory system. Real emotions would also be tricky, even if a sentient machine were to be created, our instincts toward sympathy and empathy, which are essentially developed survival imperatives, would be most likely absent. Also, such an entity might not even want to reproduce, though it would probably be capable. I think it would have a natural sense of self-preservation, though. Again, this is highly speculative. So, my best answer would probably be "not really", or "not necessarily."
Originally Posted by Static_Martyr
"I've read quite a few of your posts, and every one of them is absolutely saturated with intellectual snobbery and superfluousness."-Omni
All over the place, from the popular culture to the propaganda system, there is constant pressure to make people feel that they are helpless, that the only role they can have is to ratify decisions and to consume. -Noam Chomsky